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The Article 29 is a part of UN convention that promotes the rights of persons with disassabilities.
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol was adopted on 13 December 2006 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, and was opened for signature on 30 March 2007. There were 82 signatories to the Convention, 44 signatories to the Optional Protocol, and 1 ratification of the Convention. This is the highest number of signatories in history to a UN Convention on its opening day. It is the first comprehensive human rights treaty of the 21st century and is the first human rights convention to be open for signature by regional integration organizations. The Convention entered into force on 3May 2008.
The Convention marks a "paradigm shift" in attitudes and approaches to persons with disabilities. It takes to a new height the movement from viewing persons with disabilities as "objects" of charity, medical treatment and social protection towards viewing persons with disabilities as "subjects" with rights, who are capable of claiming those rights and making decisions for their lives based on their free and informed consent as well as being active members of society.
The Convention is intended as a human rights instrument with an explicit, social development dimension. It adopts a broad categorization of persons with disabilities and reaffirms that all persons with all types of disabilities must enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms. It clarifies and qualifies how all categories of rights apply to persons with disabilities and identifies areas where adaptations have to be made for persons with disabilities to effectively exercise their rights and areas where their rights have been violated, and where protection of rights must be reinforced.
The Convention was negotiated during eight sessions of an Ad Hoc Committee of the General Assembly from 2002 to 2006, making it the fastest negotiated human rights treaty.
Participation in political and public life
States Parties shall guarantee to persons with disabilities political rights
and the opportunity to enjoy them on an equal basis with others, and shall
(a) To ensure that persons with disabilities can effectively and fully
participate in political and public life on an equal basis with others, directly or
through freely chosen representatives, including the right and opportunity for
persons with disabilities to vote and be elected, inter alia, by:
(i) Ensuring that voting procedures, facilities and materials are
appropriate, accessible and easy to understand and use;
(ii) Protecting the right of persons with disabilities to vote by secret
ballot in elections and public referendums without intimidation, and to
stand for elections, to effectively hold office and perform all public
functions at all levels of government, facilitating the use of assistive and
new technologies where appropriate;
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(iii) Guaranteeing the free expression of the will of persons with
disabilities as electors and to this end, where necessary, at their request,
allowing assistance in voting by a person of their own choice;
(b) To promote actively an environment in which persons with
disabilities can effectively and fully participate in the conduct of public affairs,
without discrimination and on an equal basis with others, and encourage their
participation in public affairs, including:
(i) Participation in non-governmental organizations and associations
concerned with the public and political life of the country, and in the
activities and administration of political parties;
(ii) Forming and joining organizations of persons with disabilities to
represent persons with disabilities at international, national, regional and
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